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  1. 현재위치
  2. Vision & Goals
  3. Korea Brain Initiative
  4. Brief summary of Korea Brain Initiative

Vision & Goals

Brief summary of Korea Brain Initiative

Korea Brain Initiative
-Executive Summary-
 
The study of the mind and brain is the last frontier in science. By accelerating brain research, we hope to envision a comprehensive understanding of the human behavior, open the road to treatments that can prevent and cure brain diseases, develop innovative approaches and strategies to cope with a rapidly ageing society. Since 2013, many countries have launched large long-term research projects with the goal of revolutionizing our understanding of the human brain and uncovering the mysteries of neurological disorders. Along with this global trend, the government of Korea has developed a bold and ambitious plan for advancing brain science and for stimulating science-industry interaction under its administrative agenda “creative economy.”
 
The Ministry of Science, ICT, and Future Planning (MSIP) formed a working group of advisory committee, composed of experts from academia, research institutes, and businesses, to develop a 10-year plan to revolutionize brain science. With their commitment, in-depth research on scientific policies and trends in neuroscience was performed, and the government of Korea has announced the “Korea Brain Initiative” on 30th May 2016. The grand plan features the development of neurotechnology and reinforcement of the neuroscience ecosystem with a vision to advance brain science by enhancing the local, national, and global networks.
 
The Korea Brain Initiative includes an expected role of brain science to drive the fourth industrial revolution, and aims at understanding the principles of high brain function, producing a new dynamic picture of healthy and diseased brains, developing personalized treatment for mental and neurological disorders by extrapolating the concept of precision medicine, and stimulating the interaction between scientific institutes, academia and industry.
 
In pursuing goals of developing innovative neurotechnology as well as advancing brain research ecosystem, a dual track strategy is employed where ecosystem functions to bridge the gap between basic and applied research. Each strategy holds four specific tasks as follows:
 
Strategic R&D
#1 To construct brain maps at multi-scale Korea Brain Initiative plans a two tract strategy to understanding how the brain works and how disease occurs. One tract focuses on unraveling the structural and mechanistic basis of high brain function and the other focuses on understanding the progression of neurological disorders, especially those related to ageing. Two types of “specialized brain maps” are expected to be developed by 2023. In addition, this two-tract strategy will support the development and application of structural and functional mapping technologies that can be applied at micro, meso, and macro levels.
#2 To initiate multidisciplinary projects One of the Korea Brain Initiative’s most important goals is to stimulate the development of technologies that are fusing the physical, digital, and biological worlds and play a major role in driving the neuroindustry. Development of techniques for multi-scale imaging, and generating brain organoids are a few examples of the many possible convergence R&D projects.
#3 To strengthen AI-related R&D Brain science is seen as a key to the development of next generation computer technology. By promoting linked R&D between natural intelligence (NI) and artificial intelligence (AI), advanced AI algorithms and modellings are expected to be developed, making excellent breakthrough for the fourth industrial revolution.
#4 To intensify personalized medicine for mental and neurological disorders We hope to develop cutting-edge precision medicine technologies to prevent and diagnose neurological disorders and develop customized disease-prevention and treatment strategies for brain disorders.
 
Neuroscience Ecosystem Reinforcement
#1 To foster multidisciplinary research by training individuals We hope to broaden the perspectives of brain researchers and raise experts trained in multiple disciplines through MD-PhD programs and academia-research institute collaborative training programs.
#2 To build a pipeline to facilitate the exchange of resources To this end, plans for establishing guidelines to treat human brain tissue, building accessible databases to share and store data, and creating core facility to provide research equipments are included.
#3 To enhance local, national, and global networks Strengthening interaction at multiple levels and strategic networking are essential to solve challenging issues of brain science. When it comes to brain mapping, establishing a collaborative network by joining global brain research consortium would facilitate the task.
#4 To prepare for future neuroindustry One of the Korea Brain Initiative’s goals is to build a framework for industrialization of cutting-edge neuroscience. Thus, it is essential to embark on lab-to-bench R&D for practical application of the research achievements and to establish neuroindustry clusters in the future.

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